Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of diverse disorders in which the bone marrow does not produce enough healthy blood cells. Although it is primarily a disease of the elderly, MDS can affect younger patients as well. The number of individuals diagnosed with MDS in the United States each year is not known for sure, but estimates range from approximately 10,000 to 30,000-55,000. The incidence rate of MDS appears to be on the rise, which may be due to improvements in recognition and criteria for the diagnosis of the disease, as well as an increase in the aging population. How much do you know about MDS?
Gastric cancer is a relatively rare malignancy in the United States, representing 1.5% of all new cancer cases and 1.8% of all cancer deaths. The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2021, approximately 26,560 individuals (16,160 men and 10,400 women) will be diagnosed with gastric cancer, and approximately 11,180 individuals (6740 men and 4440 women) will die from the disease. The number of new cases of gastric cancer has been declining by approximately 1.5% annually over the past 10 years in the United States. How much do you know about gastric cancer?
Pancreatic cancer is a relatively rare malignancy, representing 3.2% of all new cancer cases in the United States. In 2021, it is estimated that approximately 60,430 individuals (31,950 men and 28,480 women) will be diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in this country, and approximately 48,220 individuals (25,270 men and 22,950 women) will die from the disease. The average lifetime risk for being diagnosed with pancreatic cancer is 1 in 64, and incidence rates for the disease have increased by approximately 1% each year since 2000. How much do you know about pancreatic cancer?
Breast cancer is currently the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in women in the United States and is the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality. In 2021, there will be approximately 330,840 new cases of breast cancer (281,550 cases of invasive breast cancer and 49,840 cases of ductal carcinoma in situ) diagnosed in women in the United States, and approximately 43,600 women will die from the disease. The incidence rates of breast cancer have increased in recent years by 0.5% annually. However, the rates of breast cancer deaths have been steadily declining. This is the combined result of better education, widespread screening programs, and more effective treatments. There are currently more than 3.8 million breast cancer survivors in the United States. This number reflects women being treated for the disease, as well as those who have completed treatment. How much do you know about breast cancer?
Ovarian cancer is the fifth-leading cause of cancer-related death among women in the United States. According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 21,410 women will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the United States in 2021, and approximately 13,770 women will die from the disease. The average lifetime risk for being diagnosed with ovarian cancer is approximately 1 in 78, and the risk for dying from the disease is approximately 1 in 108. The likelihood of developing ovarian cancer increases as women age, with most cases developing after menopause. How much do you know about ovarian cancer?
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) originates in the cells of the lymphatic and immune systems, such as the blood cells known as lymphocytes and the lymph node tissues. NHL accounts for approximately 4.3% of all cancer diagnoses and is the seventh most common cancer in men and the sixth most common cancer in women. According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 81,560 individuals (45,630 males and 35,930 females, including both adults and children) will be diagnosed with NHL in the United States in 2021, and approximately 20,720 individuals (12,170 males and 8550 females) will die from the disease. The survival rate for NHL has steadily improved over the past 2 decades, due to improvements in medical care, the development and approval of more effective therapies, and the advent of personalized medicine. How much do you know about NHL?
According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 106,110 individuals (62,260 men and 43,850 women) will be diagnosed with melanoma in the United States in 2021, and approximately 7180 individuals (4600 men and 2580 women) will die from the disease. The risk for developing melanoma increases as individuals get older, with a median age at diagnosis of 65 years. However, it is also one of the most common cancers diagnosed in young adults, particularly in women aged <29 years. Although melanoma accounts for only 1% of all skin cancer diagnoses, it is responsible for a large majority of skin cancer deaths. How much do you know about melanoma?
Primary bone cancers, also known as sarcomas, are very rare malignancies, accounting for less than 0.2% of all cancers in the United States. According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 3610 new cases of primary bone cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2021, and approximately 2060 individuals will die from the disease. Overall, the most common types of primary bone cancer are osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and Ewing sarcomas. Survival rates for patients depend on several factors, including the type and stage of disease at the time of diagnosis. How much do you know about primary bone cancer?
Bladder cancer is the sixth most common cancer diagnosed in the United States. It is the fourth most common cancer in men and the twelfth most common cancer in women. According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 83,730 new cases of bladder cancer (64,280 men and 19,450 women) will be diagnosed in the United States in 2021, and approximately 17,2000 individuals (12,260 men and 4940 women) will die from the disease. Smoking accounts for 47% of all these cases. How much do you know about bladder cancer?
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer diagnosed in the United States, excluding skin cancers. According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 104,270 new cases of colon cancer and 45,230 new cases of rectal cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2021. Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in American men and women combined. Although overall mortality rates for the disease have been on the decline for several decades, deaths among individuals aged 55 years have been on the rise. How much do you know about colorectal cancer?