Cristi Radford, MS, CGC, and Michele Gabree, MS, CGC, explain what variants of uncertain significance are, and address some of the questions that are frequently asked by providers.
Similar to other disease sites, prostate cancer has seen a surge in genetic testing options. To help address the role of genetic testing in prostate cancer disease management, the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology were updated in February 2018 to include germline recommendations.
BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations have been shown to confer an increased risk for ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary perineal cancer. As a result, guidelines recommend bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) upon completion of child bearing, and preferably between the ages of 35 and 40 years as a risk-reducing option. However, what has been less clear is the association of uterine cancer with BRCA. The data have been conflicting: some studies have suggested a slight increased risk, but others have not. Therefore, hysterectomy has not been included in national medical management guidelines.
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